Greater Manchester Hate Crime Awareness Week and LGBT+ History month.
What is hate crime? In England and Wales, hate crimes are any crimes that are targeted because of hostility or prejudice in relation to:
- race or ethnicity
- religion or belief
- sexual orientation
- transgender identity
- alternative sub-culture hate crime
This can be committed against a person or property (from GMP http://www.gmp.police.uk/content/section.html?readform&s=C4D5E39C4F3817F680257961004019B9)
- Salford (as part of Greater Manchester) takes a zero tolerance approach to extremism and will not condone any form of hatred.
- Hate crime has no place in Salford. Everyone has the right to feel safe and valued and we all have a responsibility to stand against hatred and discrimination.
- You can report hate crime as follows:
o to the police by calling 101
o via the True Vision website – www.report-it.org.uk
o through a hate crime reporting centre – see www.letsendhatecrime.com for details of where they are located
The first week of February is Greater Manchester’s own Hate Crime Awareness Week. It is also the beginning of the UK’s LGBT+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans) History Month.
The LGBT+ rainbow flag, known as the Pride Flag, was created by Gilbert Baker in 1978 when Harvey Milk asked him to create a symbol of pride for the gay community. Harvey Milk was an important gay leader, and the first openly gay elected official in the State of California. The first Pride Flag was flown at the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade on 25 June, 1978.
The Pride Flag originally had eight colours: pink, red, orange, yellow, green, turquoise, indigo and violet. Each colour has a meaning (in order): sex, life, healing, sunlight, nature, magic/art, serenity and spirit. Some believe the Pride Flag was inspired by the song “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” from the Wizard of Oz movie because of Judy Garland’s importance to the LGBT+ community. Judy Garland died just before the historic Stonewall Riots, in which police raided an LGBT+ bar called the Stonewall Inn in New York City on 28 June, 1969, and the LGBT+ people fought back. These riots are credited as the beginning of the LGBT+ resistance and liberation movement, and some suspect that the rioters were mourning the death of Judy Garland.
Others believe that the Pride Flag was inspired by the rainbow Flag of the Races (also called the Flag of Human Races), which was used to advocate for world peace. The Flag of the Races was (from top to bottom): red, white, brown, yellow and black. The Flag of the Races was used by the Hippie Movement of the time, which was largely influenced by famous beat poet and gay activist Allen Ginsberg. Ginsberg is best remembered for his controversial poem, “Howl.” No matter the influence, the Pride Flag became a symbol for the LGBT+ community. After the assassination of Harvey Milk, demand for the flag increased, and the pink was dropped and the turquoise and indigo were switched for blue for production purposes.
The Pride flag is now most commonly six colours: red, orange, yellow, green, blue and purple. There are many other important LGBT+ flags as well. For example, there’s the Transgender Pride Flag, which was created by Monica Helms in 1999. The colours are blue, pink, white, pink, blue, which represents blue for boys, pink for girls, and white for non-binary people (people who do not identify as boys or girls.) And the Bisexual Pride Flag was created by Michael Page in 1998. The colours are pink, purple and blue, with pink representing same-sex attraction, blue representing opposite-sex attraction, and purple representing an attraction to all sexes.
This year, Manchester Pride is adopting the Inclusive Pride Flag, which features black and brown stripes to represent better supporting Black Asian and Minority Ethnic groups in the LGBT+ community, and to advocate against racism. The flag was created in Philadelphia in 2017 as part of their More Colour More Pride Campaign. Manchester is the first city to use the Inclusive Pride Flag in the UK. Every version of the many different LGBT+ Pride Flags has used coloured stripes to represent concepts or identities. These combinations of coloured stripes have worked really well as symbols of the different groups and identities in the LGBT+ community, and have been an important part of advocating for LGBT+ liberation across the world.
Original Pride flag
Current pride flag
Inclusive pride flag
Transgender pride flag
Bisexual pride flag
Flag of races